Miles Davis Bitches Brew. Miles Davis On the Corner. Miles Davis Sketches of Spain. Mineral EndSerenading. Minor Threat Complete Discography. Minutemen Double Nickels on the Dime.
Minutemen Paranoid Time. Minutemen Project: Mersh. Minutemen The Punch Line. Minutemen 3-Way Tie For Last. Minutemen Joy. Minutemen Ballot Result. Misfits Legacy Of Brutality. Misfits Die, Die My Darling. Misfits Walk Among Us. Misfits Static Age. Misfits Earth A. Mitski bury me at makeout creek.
Mitski Puberty 2. Mitski Be the Cowboy. MK-Ultra Discography. Moby Play. Modern Baseball Holy Ghost. Modern Baseball The Perfect Cast. Modern Life Is War Witness. Mojave 3 Excuses For Travelers. Mojave 3 Ask Me Tomorrow. Mom Jeans. Puppy Love. Moose Blood Blush. Moss Icon Complete Discography. Motorhead Ace of Spades. Motorhead Overkill. Mount Eerie Lost Wisdom. Bungle California. Bungle Disco Volante. Mudvayne L. Muse Origin of Symmetry. Muse Absolution.
Muse Drones. My Bloody Valentine Loveless. My Bloody Valentine m b v. My Bloody Valentine Isn't Anything. My Bloody Valentine EPs My Chemical Romance Conventional Weapons. Nails Unsilent Death. Nails Abandon All Life. Nas Illmatic. Nas God's Son. Nas It Was Written. Nine Inch Nails The Fragile. Nirvana In Utero. Nirvana Nevermind. Nirvana Bleach. NoMeansNo Wrong. Norma Jean Wrongdoers. Norma Jean Polar Similar. Nothing Downward Years to Come. Nujabes Metaphorical Music.
Number Girl Sappukei. O'Brother Garden Window. Oathbreaker Rheia. First Four EPs. Ol' Dirty Bastard Nigga Please. One Last Wish Oneohtrix Point Never Garden of Delete. Oneohtrix Point Never Good Time. Operation Ivy Energy. Orchid Orchid. Oso Oso The Yunahon Mixtape. OutKast Stankonia. OutKast Aquemini. OutKast ATLiens. Owen At Home With Owen. Owen I do perceive. If you're reading these soundoffs to see if it's worth listening to, it is.
Owen New Leaves. Paramore After Laughter. Pavement Slanted and Enchanted. Pavement Crooked Rain, Crooked Rain. Pearl Jam Vs. Pearl Jam Ten. Pearl Jam Vitalogy. Penfold Amateurs and Professionals. Pianos Become the Teeth Keep You. Pianos Become the Teeth Old Pride.
Pinegrove Cardinal. Pink Guy Pink Season. Pinkshinyultrablast Everything Else Matters. Pity Sex White Hot Moon. Placebo Placebo. Playboi Carti Die Lit. Primus Pork Soda. Primus Frizzle Fry. Primus Sailing the Seas of Cheese. Prince Purple Rain. Prince Propagandhi Victory Lap. Public Enemy Yo! Bum Rush the Show. Public Image Ltd.
Flowers Of Romance. First Issue. Metal Box. Pygmy Lush Mount Hope. Queen Queen II. Queen News of the World. Queen Queen Rock Montreal. Queen Sheer Heart Attack. Queen A Night at the Opera. Queens of the Stone Age Like Clockwork.
Queens of the Stone Age Songs for the Deaf. Queens of the Stone Age Rated R. Radiohead The Bends. Radiohead Kid A. Radiohead OK Computer. Radiohead Amnesiac. Raekwon Only Built 4 Cuban Linx Rage Against The Machine Renegades.
Rammstein Herzeleid. Ramones Pleasant Dreams. Ramones Road to Ruin. Ramones Leave Home. Ramones Rocket to Russia. Ramones Ramones. Ramones End of the Century.
Red House Painters Ocean Beach. Red House Painters Early Demos. Red House Painters Old Ramon. Red House Painters Shock Me. Refused The Shape of Punk to Come. Refused Songs to Fan the Flames of Discontent. Refused The EP Compilation. Remo Drive Greatest Hits. Retirement Party Somewhat Literate. Rich Brian Amen. Ride Going Blank Again.
Ride Nowhere. Ringo Deathstarr Colour Trip. Ringo Deathstarr Ringo Deathstarr. Rites of Spring End on End. Rival Schools United By Fate. Rollins Band Weight. Rollins Band The End of Silence. Rozwell Kid Too Shabby.
Rozwell Kid Precious Art. Rozwell Kid Good Graphics. Run the Jewels Run the Jewels. Ryo Fukui Scenery. Saetia A Retrospective. Sage Francis Copper Gone. Sage Francis Personal Journals.
Saint Vitus Born Too Late. Samhain November-Coming-Fire. Saves the Day Through Being Cool. Say Anything Is a Real Boy. Say Anything In Defense of the Genre. Scarface Mr. Scarface Is Back. Scarface The Diary. Scarface The Fix. School Shooter School Shooter.
Scott Walker The Drift. Scott Walker Scott 4. Shellac At Action Park. Shoji Meguro Persona 4 Original Soundtrack. Sia This Is Acting. Sick of It All Scratch the Surface.
Sick of It All Death to Tyrants. Siege Drop Dead. Silversun Pickups Carnavas. Silversun Pickups Neck of the Woods. Silversun Pickups Swoon. Siouxsie and the Banshees Juju. Siouxsie and the Banshees Tinderbox. Siouxsie and the Banshees The Scream. Siouxsie and the Banshees Kaleidoscope. Slaughter Beach, Dog Birdie. Sleater-Kinney The Woods. Sleater-Kinney No Cities to Love.
Sleater-Kinney Dig Me Out. Sleep Dopesmoker. Sleep The Sciences. Sleep Sleep's Holy Mountain. Slint Spiderland. Slowdive Just for a Day.
Slowdive Pygmalion. Slowdive Souvlaki. Slowdive Slowdive. Slowdive Blue Day. Snoop Dogg Doggystyle. Snowing Fuck Your Emotional Bullshit. Sonic Youth Daydream Nation. Sorority Noise Joy, Departed. Sorority Noise Forgettable. Soundgarden Ultramega OK. Soundgarden Badmotorfinger. Soundgarden Superunknown. Poison Idea Pick Your King. Poison Idea Feel the Darkness.
Portal Outre. Possessed Seven Churches. Profanatica Disgusting Blasphemies Against God. Radiohead OK Computer. Radiohead Kid A. Radiohead In Rainbows. Razor Violent Restitution. Refused The Shape of Punk to Come. Revenant Prophecies of a Dying World. Rippikoulu Musta Seremonia. Ripping Corpse Dreaming With the Dead.
Rotten Sound Exit. Rudimentary Peni Death Church. Rusted Shut Rehab. Rusted Shut Dead. Sadistic Intent Resurrection. Sadus Illusions. Saint Vitus Born Too Late. Sammath Strijd. Sammath Dodengang. Sammath Godless Arrogance. Sarcofago I. Sarcofago The Laws of Scourge. Satan Court in the Act. Savage Grace Master Of Disguise. Scratch Acid Scratch Acid. Sentenced North From Here. Sepulcher Panoptic Horror. Sepultura Morbid Visions. Sepultura Bestial Devastation. Sepultura Beneath the Remains. Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano Concerto No.
Shorty Thumb Days. Sinister Diabolical Summoning. Sinister Cross the Styx. Sinister Hate. Skepticism Stormcrowfleet. Skepticism Lead and Aether. Skycamefalling Slaughter CAN Strappado.
Slayer Reign in Blood. Slayer South of Heaven. Sleep Sleep's Holy Mountain. Slint Spiderland. Slough Feg Traveller. Slowdive Souvlaki. Sodom In the Sign of Evil. Sodom Persecution Mania. Sorcier Des Glaces Ritual of the End. Sort Vokter Folkloric Necro Metal. Soundtrack Video Game Silver Surfer. Soundtrack Video Game Katamari Damacy soundtrack.
Spectral Lore III. Starflyer 59 Silver. Suffocation Despise the Sun. Suffocation Human Waste. Suicidal Tendencies Suicidal Tendencies. Summoning Minas Morgul. Summoning Lost Tales. Summoning Old Mornings Dawn. Sun Ra Secrets of The Sun. Sweet Trip Velocity : Design : Comfort. System of a Down Toxicity. System of a Down System of a Down. Taake Nattestid Ser Porten Vid. Taake Over Bjoergvin Graater Himmerik.
Taake Hordalands Doedskvad. Tangerine Dream Phaedra. Tangerine Dream Rubycon. Terrorizer World Downfall. Thaiboy Digital Legendary Member. Thaiboy Digital Tiger.
The Beach Boys Pet Sounds. The Beatles Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. The Beatles Revolver. The Beatles Rubber Soul. The Beatles The Beatles. The Chasm Procession to the Infraworld. The Chasm Farseeing the Paranormal Abysm. The Crucifucks The Crucifucks. The Cure Pornography. The Jesus and Mary Chain Psychocandy. The Jesus Lizard Goat. The Notorious B. Ready to Die. The Rolling Stones Sticky Fingers. The Stooges Fun House.
The Stooges Raw Power. Thergothon Stream From The Heavens. Therion Beyond Sanctorum. Thou Tyrant. Thou Heathen. Thou Magus. Three 6 Mafia Mystic Stylez.
Timeghoul Complete Discography. Today Is the Day Willpower. Twin Stumps Twin Stumps. Ulcerate Everything Is Fire. Uli K itami. Ulver Bergtatt - Et eeventyr i 5 capitler. Ulver Nattens Madrigal. Ulver Shadows of the Sun. Undeath Sentient Autolysis. Unwound Fake Train. Unwound New Plastic Ideas.
Various Artists No New York. Voivod Killing Technology. Weakling Dead as Dreams. Weezer Weezer. Wire Pink Flag. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Symphony No. Worship Last Tape Before Doomsday. XTC Black Sea. XTC Skylarking. Young Thug Thug. Yung Lean Poison Ivy. Yung Lean Unknown Death Yung Lean Visions of U.
Yung Lean Kyoto. Yung Lean x Ballout Wanna Smoke. Zeni Geva Freedom Bondage. Absu Tara. Abyssum Thy Call. Acid Bath Paegan Terrorism Tactics. Active Stenosis Succumbed to Infection. Adramelech Psychostasia. Afterbirth The Time Traveler's Dilemma. Agent Orange Living in Darkness.
Alice Coltrane Journey in Satchidananda. Alice in Chains Alice in Chains. Alice in Chains Sap. Amenra Mass III. Amorphis Privilege of Evil. Amputated Genitals Human Meat Gluttony. Ancient Svartalvheim. Angelo Badalamenti Twin Peaks. Anglagard Hybris. Anti Cimex Scandinavian Jawbreaker. Antichrist Siege Machine Morbid Triumph. Antonio Vivaldi The Four Seasons. Aphex Twin Come to Daddy. Aphex Twin Windowlicker. Aphex Twin Syro. Arnaut Pavle Arnaut Pavle. Artificial Brain Labyrinth Constellation.
Artificial Brain Infrared Horizon. Asphyx Crush The Cenotaph. Asphyx Asphyx. Aspid Extravasation. Assuck Blindspot. Assuck Anticapital. At the Drive-In Vaya.
Autopsy Fiend for Blood. Autopsy Severed Survival. Bad Religion Suffer. Bad Religion No Control. Bad Religion Generator. Bauhaus In the Flat Field. From the Pagan Vastlands. Beherit Electric Doom Synthesis. Beherit At The Devil's Studio Belial Wisdom of Darkness. Billy Joel The Stranger. Bjork Post. Black Eyes Black Eyes. Black Flag Nervous Breakdown. Black Flag My War. Black Kray City Of Doves. Black Kray Euro Glime.
Black Sabbath Vol. Black Sabbath Heaven and Hell. Bladee Exile. Bladee Ghost Hands. Bladee Oxygen. Bladee 7-Eleven. Bladee Destroy Me. Bladee Insect. Bladee Sesame Street. Bladee Vanilla Sky. Bladee x Adamn Killa Psycho. Bladee x Yung Lean Gotham City. Blasphemy Blood Upon the Altar. Blasphemy Gods of War. Blaspherian Allegiance to the Will of Damnation.
Blaspherian Infernal Warriors of Death. Blind Guardian Battalions of Fear. Blind Guardian Somewhere Far Beyond. Blind Guardian Imaginations from the Other Side.
Blizzi Boi Waduh. Blood Impulse to Destroy. Blood Mental Conflicts. Blood Gas. Of Gory Sorcery and Death. Bob Dylan Highway 61 Revisited. Bob Dylan Blonde on Blonde. Bolt Thrower Realm of Chaos.
Bolt Thrower War Master. Aural Innovations. For all of you who thought Mutant Sounds was a thing of the past, take heed! Mutant has reconfigured itself and will now be presented by Eri So this is where I get to tell you everything you never wanted to hear me say. While it's been a fantastic ride and I hope everyone has I'm still beavering away getting the last of this new batch uploaded, but they'll be up shortly. Hard to find a place to put this German artists, but categories matter little when an album is this good.
From weird delay soundscapes, to Here's one of the most legendary tape compilations ever. There's been a reason for the extra long span of time since my last posts went up: I've needed time to weigh my options and determin There's no need for backstory or explanation about this seminal Krautrock crew in these quarters, I expect.
This four disc boot is a var Arkin, William M. Russakoff, Dale, author. The prize : who's in charge of America's schools? Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Gellman, Irwin F. Galvin, Anthony. Krimsky, Sheldon, author. Dembour, Marie-Benedicte. Marsden, Simon, author. Grimaldi, Judith D. Delafontaine, Ramses, author. Faruqi, Sonia, author. New York : Pegasus Books, Murphy, Jane C. Irwin, Douglas A.
Free trade under fire. Koepsell, David R. Who owns you? Goldwater, Barry M. Skottowe, B. A short history of Parliament. Holmes Beach, Fla. Bradley, Ann Aviles de, author. Bennett, Theodore Edward, author. Macklem, Patrick, author. The sovereignty of human rights. The human right to dominate. Ghere, Richard K. Price, Joshua M. Prison and social death. Piketty, Thomas, author.
The economics of inequality. Lomelino, Pamela J. Newcastle upon Tyne : Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Lester, Genevieve, author. When should state secrets stay secret? Grigorescu, Alexandru, author. Democratic intergovernmental organizations? New York, N. A45 T37 no.
O'Keefe, Roger, author. International criminal law. Judicial application of international law in Southeast Europe. Hagan, John, author. Shesol, Jeff. New York : W. Norton, Banks, Christopher P. Neff, James, author. Vendetta : Bobby Kennedy versus Jimmy Hoffa. New York : Little, Brown and Company, Robert Kennedy : his life. Diamant, Jeff, author. Naperville, Illinois : Sourcebooks, Inc. Palmer, N. Rivlin, Geoffrey, author.
First steps in the law. Seventh edition. The diffusion of law : the movement of laws and norms around the world. Tan, Seow Hon, author. Justice as friendship : a theory of law. National Association for Law Placement U. International law and its discontents : confronting crises. DuPuy, J. Poetic justice : legal humor in verse. The Virginia lawyer : a deskbook for practitioners. Fifth edition. American Bar Association. Eighth edition. Algero, Mary Garvey, author.
Federal legal research. Second Edition. Legal research methods. Principles of legal research. Basic legal research : tools and strategies. Ham, Mary Katharine, author. Holt, J. Magna Carta. Third edition. Matas, David, author. Why did you do that? The clinic and the court : law, medicine and anthropology.
Stoll, Mark. Nussbaum and law. Azaria, Danai, author. Prosecuting maritime piracy : domestic solutions to international crimes. Solutions to political polarization in America.
Cooper, Jonathon A. Den Otter, Ronald C. In defense of plural marriage. International law and post-conflict reconstruction policy. Law at work : studies in legal ethnomethods. Milkis, Sidney M. Armacost, Michael H. Steger, Wayne P. New York, NY : Routledge, Discretionary criminal justice in a comparative context.
Troesken, Werner, author. Ogg, James Thomas, author. Exploring the boundaries of refugee law : current protection challenges.
Leiden : Boston : Brill Nijhoff, Tormey, Simon, author. The end of representative politics. Responsibilities to protect : perspectives in theory and practice.
Reich, Cary. The life of Nelson A. New York : Doubleday, Elliott, Martha J. New York : Penguin Press, Law, liberty and state : Oakeshott, Hayek and Schmitt on the rule of law.
Grippo, Theodore W. Bloomington, IN : iUniverse, c Witosky, Tom, author. Hubbart, Phillip A. Secrecy, law, and society. An anatomy of Sino-Japanese disputes and U. Sex crimes : transnational problems and global perspectives.
Rael, Patrick, author. Saint, Chandler B. Making freedom : the extraordinary life of Venture Smith. Middletown, Conn. DeMitchell, Todd A. Brown, Donathan L. Berman, Ari, author. Genealogies of legal vision. Human rights and business : direct corporate accountability for human rights. Kionka, Edward J. Torts in a nutshell. Sixth edition. Emanuel, Steven, author. Tenth edition. Eggen, Jean Macchiaroli, author. Toxic torts in a nutshell. Transboundary pollution : evolving issues of international law and policy.
Perry, John, author. African truth commissions and transitional justice. Lanham, Maryland : Lexington Books, Tirman, John. Dream chasers : immigration and the American backlash. The modern American military. Workman, Samuel, author. The dynamics of bureaucracy in the U. The complete Bill of Rights : the drafts, debates, sources, and origins.
DuVal, Kathleen, author. Charlottesville : University of Virginia Press, Carter, Carolyn L. James, Kathryn Law teacher , author. The rise of the value-added tax. Victims and restorative justice. Grace, Stephen, author. The great divide. Wipfli, Heather, author. Virginia Bar Association. Wills, Trusts, and Estates Section, author. Parris, Samuel. The sermon notebook of Samuel Parris, C71 vol. Death comes for the archbishop. New York : A.
The Word : a novel. The great Gatsby. The sun also rises. New York : Scribner, To have and have not. The ponder heart. The Spanish prisoner [videorecording]. The sun, in the absence of snow, seems alone to rejoice or enliven what it touches. Under its caressing beams, the houses, with their varied hues, assume a brighter and more joyous aspect, that strikingly contrasts with the ST. I took care at once to provide myself with the usual winter clothing of Russians, I bought goloshes to march over the snow without suffering from ccld or humidity ; a bachelique.
The choice of fur is an important matter, especially at Moscow, where one's individual value is appreciated by the value of the animal's skin he wears. There is indeed a Russian proverb that seems to discredit this observa- tion. The Kremlin — Equipage and visits of the Virgin of Inverski — Origin of Christianity in Russia — A few words about Troitsa — A travelling companion — Purchase of furs — Passage of the Oka in a sledge — Feeling of terror on first travelling in a sledge over a frozen river.
Straight streets parting from the Kremlin, as a common centre, intersect all the circular arteries, in such a way, that it is impossible to lose one's self in the city, notwithstanding its immensity. Each Russian city has its kremlin. It is an enclosure that contains generally a fortress, a residence for the Emperor, and one or many churches.
The Kremlin of Moscow is much celebrated on account of its vastness, its historical souvenirs, and the wealth of its sanctuaries. One may still visit a little relic of the old building. It would be difficult to say to what style it belongs ; there may be found there a mixtureof many of the Asiatic varieties, between the Byzantine and those of the extreme East.
Walls of extraordinary thickness; a series of little chambers, vaulted or rising in a point ; narrow windows, permitting only the penetra- tion of a mysterious light, sifted through stained glass ; low doors surmounted with a Moorish arch ; walls, gilt from the ceiling to the floor, on which are drawn figures of saints, having only the head and hands painted or enamelled ; here and there Chinese monsters ; doors opening occasionally to the height of the first story, and consequently suspended stairs to pass from one floor to another — this is the ancient Kremlin.
One wonders, on roving through this intricate labyrinth, whether he is in an oratory or a salon, in a place of amusement or in a torture chamber of the Inquisition. The new dwelling of the emperors is quite different. Although of very doubtful taste, it is at least in harmony, on account of its vastness, with the empire of which it is the? Space has not been spared. The hall of the throne is quite a steppe to traverse.
Its dimensions are monstrous. What was my astonishment on finding there several statues and portraits of the Great Napoleon! The Russians, far from bearing any enmity towards our military hero, like to render homage to his glory.
To admire thus genius, wherever it may be found, even when the admirer has been the victim, is at least the mark of a liberal mind and high sentiments. I had finished my first visit to the Kremlin, and, muffled and wrapped in furs, I was being comfortably driven to my hotel, musing care- lessly on the way, when my coachman sud- denly turned round, and with a silly smile, lifted my fur cap, and at the same time raised his own.
Obtaining no intelligible explana- tion, through my ignorance of the language, I fancied myself the object of some practical joke in which coachmen indulge, and, conse- quently, being unable to rate him well as he deserved, I subdued my rage and smiled also. I was just going to recover my property by force, when I perceived we were under the Spasskoi gateway, and that every one was bareheaded. The proceeding was now intelligible : this gate is surmounted with the picture of the Virgin of Inverski, the favourite virgin of the Muscovites, the miraculous virgin whose super- natural power had been equal to arresting the conflagration of the Kremlin — the conflagration lighted by Rostopchine, a personage much less popular in Russia than Bonaparte.
Old men relate that a violent wind forced even the great French conqueror to submit to this law when he intended to pass it unobserved.
The Virgin of Inverski is invoked by every- body ; still she does not make herself so cheap to everybody, for a widely spread custom con- sists in vicarious visits by representations. But extraordinary circumstances must exist to demand a visit from the Virgin of Inverski. When the metropolitan considers that a family is worthy of such an honour, four monks and two dignitaries of the Church proceed to the Spasskoi gate in a carriage with six horses.
Every spectator bows low and makes the sign of the cross as the picture is lowered from its accustomed place, and prostrates himself completely, in spite of the snow and frost, at the moment it is installed in the bottom of the carriage ; the two priests then place themselves on the box in front, the monks act as drivers and footmen, and thus they proceed to the privileged house, whose members do not receive the honour of such a visit without very liberal offerings.
The individual ritual practices in the streets, on the promenade, and everywhere, and at all hours, constitute certainly some of the special characteristics of Moscow.
One meets at every step people kneeling and reciting prayers, though nothing apparently calls for the devotion. But then the higher class, though almost wholly Nihilistic, condescends to ob- serve these popular forms on the one hand, merely through a servile deference to the authority of the Emperor, and on the other, an unwillingness to reproach by neglect the superstition of the lower class. The orthodox religion is well known to be a faithful reproduction of the old Greek worship of Constantinople.
About the year , the chief of the horde that was then to become the embryo of the Russian nation — a thorough barbarian in daring and cruelty, in brute force and ungovernable impetuosity — con- stituted himself the promulgator of the Greek religion in the country subject to his rule. This Vladimir — such was his name — hurled defiance at all the neighbouring peoples, and subjected to his will nearly the whole of the actual limits of European Russia.
He is alleged to have had — if certain fabulous chronicles may be trusted — five legitimate wives, eight hundred concubines, and a multi- tude of children, whom he sacrificed to the gods.
Intent on forming into an entire nation all the hordes he had conquered, he nevertheless understood that this could only be accom- plished by means of a national religion.
With this object in view, he sent ambassadors into different countries, in order to study their respective religions, and these from their reports enabled him to choose which seemed to him the best.
Mahomedanism is said to have displeased him, because the Koran forbade the use of wine, a precept that would not have favoured his indulgence in this habit. Romanism was rejected on account of the celibacy of the priesthood, and especially on account of the obedience it would exact to- wards an authority other than his own.
Juda- ism, a religion without national coherence, was not favourable to his project of becoming the founder of a homogenous and solid empire. The Greek worship, however, imposed on his barbarian mind by the magnificence of its ritual ; he therefore adopted it, and Russia became a Christian nation of the Eastern Church.
They would willingly put into practice the ancient injunction of the Byzantine bishops at the time of the expedition of Frederick against Jerusalem : — " To obtain the remission of sins, the pilgrims must be massacred and exterminated from the face of the earth. They are the true disciples of those Byzantines who, at the time of the Latin conquest, overthrew with rage a statue of Minerva, upbraiding her with having called hither the barbarians, because she looked towards the west with outstretched arms.
This monastery was founded by St. Sergius in But inasmuch as the united resources of these devotees were barely sufficient at first to provide for them a shelter, the convent was not constructed till later.
His fortune was indeed changed when St. Sergius, at the moment of the great Mongolian invasion, prevailed on Prince Dmitri to march against the barbarians in the plains of the Don.
In , Troitsa was partially pillaged and burnt by the Tartars, and St. Sergius perished ; but his body, re- covered as if by a miracle from the heap of ruins, continued to be an object of veneration. The czars, the princes, the boyards, succes- sively bestowed important largesses on the convent, whose wealth then became legendary in Russia.
Its fortifications, which still exist, defended it in against the Polish invasion, and sheltered from danger the young czars John and Peter Alexievitch during one of the revolts of the Strelitz Imperial Guards.
Besides the build- ings serving the community as habitations, it surrounds with its walls nine churches, whose riches excite the wonder rather than the ad- miration of the stranger. All the painted and enamelled portions of the representations of saints are set around with rubies, emeralds, topazes, and diamonds, of enormous size. The tomb of St.
Sergius is in gilded silver; the canopy is of massive silver, and supported by four columns also of silver. The chasubles, worn by the priesthood in the exercise of their worship, are covered with fifteen, eighteen, and even twenty-one pounds of pearls. The spectator is at first dazzled at the sight of so much magnificence ; but since all these things are wonders only on account of their immense value, one at last becomes indifferent to the spectacle of a mere heap of precious things.
When I had seen all these treasures, my guide led me to one of the outer doors and held out his hand. This movement, I must admit, embarrassed me, for after having visited the monastery of Troitsa, a donation of a thou- sand roubles even seems a mere trifle. Before taking leave of this devotee, I asked permis- sion to visit the library. This poor fellow then seemed to me really poor, and I was sorry I could not offer him a gratuity of a kind I would have bestowed with more pleasure.
I only hope what M. On returning from this visit, a young man called Constantine Kokcharof came to see me. His complexion was a yellowish brown, and he had prominent cheekbones like the Mongols, crisp hair and full lips like an African, a short stature, and yet great muscular strength.
If he would only have made researches into his genealogy, I am sure he would have traced his origin to the Mongols after the race had passed through some change in India. He said to me on entering: " May God, monsieur, bless your journey! In Russia it is thought to be impolite not to offer the hand immediately on making an acquaintance.
Sabachnikof, whom you have met at the house of M. Pfaffius, the commissary of Kiachta. I am returning to Irkutsk, where my parents live. I had written to M. Pfaffius to ask him if I might accompany him into Siberia, and he replied by giving me your address.
Will you take me for your travelling- companion? I will serve you as interpreter, and with me you will have the advantage of travelling as fast or as easily as it suits you, and, moreover, of taking the route that would be most convenient to yourself. We settled the busi- ness at once, and I then occupied myself solely with preparations for departure.
My young companion was most valuable to me, because he was thoroughly acquainted with the route we were to take. He was going to traverse, for the sixth time, the immense space that intervenes between Moscow and the Amoor river. He had made the journey in summer and in winter; he was therefore fully competent to advise me as to what arrangements had to be made, and what precautions it would be indispensable to take against cold and fatigue.
He informed me that, in the sledge, besides my jenotte fur, I should roll myself up in a dacha, a kind of mantle, furred inside and out, in which the wearer, being muffled from head to foot, disap- peared altogether.
I have met, in the course of my travels, many a sharper and with many an impudent attempt at extortion, but never with a demand sup- ported with such unscrupulous reasoning as that of the interpreter at the hotel at Moscow. I will show you in what way. You had urgent need of a Russian companion to go through Siberia. When M. Kokcharof came to ask for you, I could easily have told him that I did not know you, and in keeping on talking with him, have found out his address. Then I might have come and said to you : ' I have just found the man you want, but I cannot promise to let you know his name and where he may be found unless you give me a thou- sand francs.
I found out afterwards that this man was a Pole, a circumstance that enabled me to calm my conscience, for could the decree be meant for these convicts?
Having finally secured my trunks, I went, in company with M. Constantine Kokcharof, chatting with him all the way, to take the train for Nijni-Nov- gorod. Nijni-Novgorod is the last station of the railway before entering by road into Siberia. To get from the railway station to the city, it is necessary to cross the Oka river, at about a few hundred yards before it falls into the Volga.
When I arrived at Novgorod, on the 15th of December, the winter passage over the ice had begun. The surface of the Oka was furrowed with the passage of sledges coming from Irkutsk, from Nicolaefsk, from the world's end, in fact, and bringing to the railway all kinds of Asiatic provisions. Every river in Russia and Siberia freezes in a different way. Some even have an aspect so special as to enable one, at a mere glance at the ice, to say which river it is.
The Oka, when frozen, presents on its sur- face a series of great protuberances, in form something like a succession of mounds and consequent dales. The untravelled foreigner sees in his imagination the rivers of the North, during winter, presenting a surface like plate glass, whereon skaters make long excursions at a rapid pace, and thus accomplish long journeys.
Except, perhaps, the Volga, over which the ice, on account of the sluggishness of the current, is almost everywhere level, but where the presence of snow, however, does not admit of skating, I have seen in Russia no river whatever covered to any extent with a smooth surface of ice ; indeed, many of them have a surface so uneven, that it would be impossible for any vehicle to pass over them.
The course of the Oka, however, is not of this character ; its frozen surface is one of the least rugged. It was a hollow rumbling sound in a deep gulf below. To the excited fancy of the way- farer, it seemed, at times, the echoed roar of some angry demon imprisoned in the depths of an icy cave ; and the traveller, listening as he is whisked along, is affected by a terrifying sensation of sinking, produced by the alternate rising and falling of the sledge over the undulat- ing surface — a movement from which he in- voluntarily recoils.
Just as in a carriage, when the horses are rushing on with uncontrolled impetuosity, he instinctively throws himself backwards, as if to struggle against the force that would hurl him to destruction, or, stand- ing on the ridge of a precipice, he impulsively recoils towards surer ground from the abyss yawning to devour him, so, the first time he travels over the frozen river, he shrinks from a movement, but from one against which it is in vain to struggle ; for, in glancing over the MO SCO IV—NIJNI-NO VGOR OD.
He is irritated at the presence of others there, at their not becoming as light as air ; he is angry with everybody and every- thing that is heavy, because what aggravates the danger by its weight, men or baggage, is exasperating, and, indeed, not without reason, for every ponderous atom, in his imagination, exaggerates the imminence of that desperate moment when, without the resource of a jutting branch or anything stable presented provi- dentially to his grasp, this frail, frozen floor should break under the weight like a pane of glass, and plunge him into all the horrors of a glacial sepulture.
Scared with this appalling phantom that clung to me in my first sledging experience, it was a great relief to regain the solid ground with no roaring gulf beneath, and a still greater pleasure to arrive safe at Novgorod. The city of Nijni-Novgorod is picturesquely constructed, and, at the same time, very interest- ing, on account of the liveliness of its bazaars. A great hill, or rather a mountain, swells up along the right bank of this immense sheet of water, and Novgorod rises proudly on the summit of this mountain, watching on one side Asia and on the other Europe, ready to awaken the Russian empire to any danger that might menace it from one quarter or the other.
Com- municating freely with remote districts by aid of its railway and two fine waterways, pro- tected against catastrophes of inundations by its elevated position, against the misfortune of poverty by its extensive commerce, and against the calamity of decadence by its important annual fair, Novgorod is one of the most agreeable cities in Russia to visit, because, contrary to what one generally meets with in this vast empire, everything here has an air of gaiety, of busy prosperity, and lively movement.
The streets of the bazaars especially present extraordinary animation. In this business quarter, the only one, perhaps, so constructed in Russia, the houses have several stories, and the shops rise one above the other, although they do not always belong to the same proprietor.
Wooden balconies, ascended by means of exterior staircases, where one may circulate from one end of the street to the other, serve the public in going to make their purchases at the shops of the upper stories.
In the other parts of the city, the houses are elegant, and they are almost wholly built of stone, houses, in fact, which, in any city beyond Moscow, and still more beyond Kazan, would be considered even magnificent. Numerous comfortable hotels offer an asylum to the traveller, who sees around him here, as well as in the city, bustling though not extensive, conspicuous results of the activity of its inhabitants and the incessant movement of commerce.
In the plain below sleeps the Volga, silent and still to the senses in its winter dress ; for the frost, one of nature's forces, the most impos- ing from its effects, has already congealed the surface of its running stream into the solidity and quiescence of the plain.
One sees on the left bank of this river, and to an enormous distance through the crepuscular gloom common to these latitudes in winter, a series of long, vast undulations, covered with boundless forests, leafless, dark and dreary. This scene, characteristic of Russia in winter, is one of the most mournful and un- inviting to behold, and the stranger who has once seen it wonders why any people, however wretched, do not shudder at the idea of esta- blishing themselves in a land where nature is so cheerless and inhospitable.
Hardly had I arrived at Novgorod, when I wished to begin my journey in a sledge as soon as possible. Thus man is attracted towards unknown adventures, even should he feel he is doomed to become, in consequence of them, a sufferer. I went at once to the governor of the province, in order that he might afford me every facility for obtaining horses at the several posting stages. To obtain relays, there are three kinds of recommendations, which are called in Russian podarojnaia.
When a traveller arrives at a stage pro- vided with this order, the posting master is obliged to furnish horses immediately, and if they are not there, to demand them elsewhere by requisition ; he also commands the driver to gallop without intermission.
The Crown podarojnaia, although an order of the second rank, is, nevertheless, much appreciated. It is generally accorded to the functionaries who are returning to their posts, or to those who are travelling in the public service. It was with one of these orders that tiie governor of Nijni-Novgorod was pleased to furnish me.
The posting masters should always reserve a troika or droika a vehicle with three horses in case a traveller should present himself furnished with a Crown poda- rojnaia. It is therefore a rare occurrence to the bearer of this important order when he presents himself at a posting stage not to be provided with horses immediately.
Between the Crown podarojnaia and the simple podarojnaia, there is a great difference. This is for the mass of ordinary travellers. It is necessary to pay at once, pretty dearly, to get it at all, and then the traveller is quite at the mercy of the postmasters, who will not give hiai horses unless they are disposed to do so.Apr 22, · Here’s a complete list of Record Store Day releases for Make sure to support your local record stores today! ‘ Live & Loud – LP.