The Spanish name Isla del Pescado makes you wonder if there are or once were any fish around. The only animal we discovered was a posing […]. The height, the cold, the wind … flamingos were not the first animals we thought we would see high up on the Bolivian altiplano.
Some cultural development of what is now Bolivia is divided into three distinct periods: pre-Columbian, colonial, and republican. Important archaeological ruins, gold and silver ornaments, stone monuments, ceramics , and weavings remain from several important pre-Columbian cultures.
Major ruins include Tiwanaku , Samaipata , Inkallaqta and Iskanwaya. The country abounds in other sites that are difficult to reach and hardly explored by archaeologists. The Spanish brought their own tradition of religious art which, in the hands of local indigenous and mestizo builders and artisans, developed into a rich and distinctive style of architecture, literature, and sculpture known as "Mestizo Baroque.
An important body of native baroque religious music of the colonial period was recovered in recent years and has been performed internationally to wide acclaim since Many dances and songs contain elements from both the native and European cultures. Caporales seems to be the most popular Bolivian dance of present times — in a few decades it has developed into an enormously popular dance, not only in the Highlands where it originated, but also in the Lowlands and in Bolivian communities outside the country.
In the Highlands, other traditional and still very popular dances are:. It is fashionable among Bolivian Andean women of indigenous descent to wear a ski]].
It was originally a Spanish peasant skirt that the colonial authorities forced indigenous women to wear. Now it is a symbol of pride in being indigenous and is considered a status symbol. Another fashion is the bowler hat , which was adopted from the British. The position of the hat can indicate a woman's marital status and aspirations. Bolivian cuisine stems mainly from the combination of Spanish cuisine with traditional indigenous Bolivian ingredients, with later influences from Argentines , Germans , Italians , Basques , Croats , Russians , and Poles , due to the arrival of immigrants from those countries.
Laws that actually criminalize racism and discrimination in Afro-Bolivia have slowly been ratified as the first anti-discriminatory law law 45 was passed in and was met with violent protesting and rioting. In President Evo Morales added amendments to the national constitution that outlined the rights of Afro-Bolivians and guaranteed the protection of such liberties.
The amendments also generally extended to indigenous peoples and officially recognized Afro-Bolivians as a minority group in Bolivia despite them not being included in the national census three years later. In addition to the country's constitution being updated in , President Morales created the Vice Ministry for Decolonization to create policies that criminalize racism while working to improve literacy and create better race relations in Bolivia.
The Vice Ministry for Decolonization also works to dismantle colorism and racism influenced by European colonization while also promoting the philosophy of "intercultural-ity" in which citizens of the nation recognize every ethnic groups' traditions and cultural practices as contributions to society. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Afro-Bolivian community. Bolivian people. Croatian German , Ethnic Mennonite Spanish. Japanese Jewish.
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