During the next few years many of her near relations died, including her only son who was ten years old, her mother, father, husband, and brother Nicolas.
These works are an early example of the new genre of accompanied harpsichord works, where the instrument is used in an obbligato role with the violin; Rameau 's Pieces de clavecin en concerts are somewhat of the same type. The dedication of the work speaks of the continuing admiration and patronage of Louis XIV :. You took pleasure in seeing the birth of the talent that I have devoted to you; and you honoured me even then with your commendations, the value of which I had no understanding at the time.
My slender talents have since grown. I have striven even harder, Sire, to deserve your approbation, which has always meant everything to me In the inventory of her possessions after her death, there were three harpsichords: a small instrument with white and black keys, one with black keys, and a large double manual Flemish harpsichord.
When she married, she stayed true to her family origins. She married organist and harpsichord teacher Marin de la Guerre d. Marin was son of Michel de La Guerre c. Once back in Paris, Jacquet de la Guerre maintained her connections with the court without having to live there.
In , she published a book of harpsichord pieces that included several suites of French dances, unmeasured preludes, chaconnes, and toccatas. She united the French and Italian styles, much as her contemporary Francois Couperin did. She later wrote an opera, Cephale et Procris , which was a tragedy in five acts. It was performed in Paris at the Acadamie Royale de Musique in The opera was revived in by Jean-Claude Malgoire b.
Several manuscripts from the s have survived, including solo and trio sonatas. In , she wrote solo and trio violin sonatas within five years of the first of those styles appearing in France. She published more music, including another volume of harpsichord piece and a set of solo violin sonatas both in Both her son name and dates unknown and her husband had died by Her son was thought to be quite talented on the harpsichord too, and made his debut at age eight. He was dead by age ten.
After the deaths of her husband and son, Jacquet de la Guerre stayed in Paris giving concerts in her home, and at the Theatre de la Foire, for which she composed a few songs and at least one comic scene.
All the great musicians and local music fans went to hear her. Her cantata style has been noted for its close attention to the meanings of the text and its dramatic use of French-style recitative solo singing that imitates the rhythms and accents of speech. Some of her songs were included in anthologies produced in Paris and The Hague , and she also wrote a choral setting of the Te Deum , now lost, to mark the recovery of Louis XV from illness.
Jacquet de la Guerre performed frequently at concerts in her home and elsewhere, and her surviving compositions—whether in print or manuscript—likely represent only a fraction of the music she actually wrote. Her talents were widely recognized in her own lifetime and thereafter, and her unusual status as a woman in the world of professional music did not go unnoticed by her contemporaries.
He wrote,. One might say that never has a person of her sex had such great talent for the composition of music, and for the admirable manner in which she played on the harpsichord and on the organ.
Elisabeth-Claude Jacquet de la Guerre. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Much of her energy from this point on was directed towards a series of concerts held at her home, which became enormously popular.
She cut back substantially on her own public performances, eventually retiring altogether in But she still composed quite a lot of music. The year saw the appearance of a pair of suites of "harpsichord pieces which may be performed on the violin," as well as a series of violin sonatas. In and she published a set of 12 cantatas, in French, on biblical subjects. Her last composition was apparently a Te Deum , now lost, written in thanksgiving for the recovery of Louis XV from smallpox.